"Medicane" is a term derived from combining "Mediterranean" and "hurricane." It refers to a rare weather phenomenon in which a storm system with characteristics similar to a tropical cyclone develops over the Mediterranean Sea. While the Mediterranean Sea is not a typical breeding ground for hurricanes, certain conditions can lead to the formation of medicanes.
Medicanes can bring heavy rainfall, strong winds, and storm surges to coastal areas around the Mediterranean. The impact can vary depending on the specific characteristics of the medicane, its track, and the local geography.
Forecasting medicanes can be challenging due to their relatively small size and the complex interactions between atmospheric and oceanic conditions in the Mediterranean. Advances in meteorological models and satellite technology have improved the ability to predict the formation and movement of medicanes, but uncertainties still exist.
Research on medicanes is ongoing, and scientists continue to study these unique weather events to improve understanding and forecasting capabilities.
Timely information about medicane risk, and monitoring of medicanes active.
Image credits: Aydin U; ESA; NOAA; R. Portmann et al: Medicane Zorbas: Origin and impact of an uncertain potential vorticity streamer, EGU 2019.